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RNA Processing

Like DNA, ribonucleic acid exists as a long chain molecule composed of nucleotides. Nucleotides are composed of a nitrogenous base, a ribose sugar, and a phosphate. Typically, RNA remains as a single strand as opposed to DNA which associates into a double stranded double helix type structure. RNA comes in a variety of shapes and sizes and serves many important functions that are vital to all living beings. The RNA nucleotide bases are adenine, uracil, cytosine, and guanine. RNA is responsible for transferring genetic information from the nucleus necessary to create proteins in the ribosome. Subtypes of RNA each have their own particular purpose. mRNA, or messenger RNA, carries information from the DNA to the ribosome. rRNA, or ribosomal RNA, is a structural component or RNA. tRNA, or transfer RNA, directly helps in protein synthesis as it assists in the joining of amino acids into proteins. RNA processing is necessary to generate mature RNA structures from a primary transcript. RNA processing is an intricate process that can be broken down into 3 reactions: nucleolytic cleavage, chain extension, and nucleotide modification.

Anti-PRPF31 antibody binds against the target pre mRNA processing factor 31. PRPF31 is localized in the nucleus speckle of the Cajal body. It is ubiquitously expressed. Pre mRMA processing factor 31 is involved in pre-mRNA splicing. Defects in PRPF31 are the cause of retinitis pigmentosa. Retinitis pigmentosa is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a progressive loss of photoreceptors in the retina. Affected individuals suffer from night blindness, tunnel vision, blurry vision, and extreme tiredness. Retinitis pigmentosa is a degenerative disorder that continually worsens as the individual grows older. Those affected appear physically normal. Anti-MDA5 antibody binds against the target melanoma differentiation associated protein 5. MDA5 is localized in the cytoplasm and nucleus and widely expressed throughout the body in low levels. Melanoma differentiation associated protein 5 is an RNA helicase that promotes degradation by certain RNAses. MDA5 is also involved in the innate immunity response against invading viruses. Defects in the gene that encodes for MDA5 are associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. This is also known as type 1 diabetes and is characterized by the inability to produce insulin leading to insulin deficiency.

 
Product Number Title Applications Host Clonality
AC21-2633 Anti-PCBP3 Antibody ELISA Goat Polyclonal
AC21-2685 Anti-PRMT6 Antibody ELISA, WB Goat Polyclonal
AC21-2687 Anti-LSM2 Antibody ELISA, WB Goat Polyclonal
AC21-2688 Anti-LSM3 Antibody ELISA Goat Polyclonal
AC21-2689 Anti-LSM5 Antibody ELISA Goat Polyclonal
AC21-2690 Anti-LSM6 Antibody ELISA Goat Polyclonal
AC21-2827 Anti-CSTF3 Antibody ELISA, WB Goat Polyclonal
AC21-2867 Anti-Cuff Antibody ELISA Goat Polyclonal
AC21-2890 Anti-MEX3C Antibody ELISA, WB Goat Polyclonal
AC21-0100-01 Anti-PLRG1 Antibody (AMCA) ELISA, WB Goat Polyclonal
AC21-0100-02 Anti-PLRG1 Antibody (AP) ELISA, WB Goat Polyclonal
AC21-0100-03 Anti-PLRG1 Antibody (APC) ELISA, WB Goat Polyclonal